Hispanic Culture and Arts
La literatura · Literature

La literatura hispana empezó a mediados del siglo diecinueve a medida que los disidentes políticos empezaron a llegar huyéndole a la persecución política. A menudo publicaban documentos y panfletos con temas políticos con el objetivo de ganarse la simpatía de los norteamericanos y los inmigrantes recién llegados de Alemania e Irlanda. Las obras literarias de ficción no empezaron a escribirse sino hasta mediados del siglo veinte. Una vez se empiezan a escribir , tuvieron gran acogida en el mercado y las criticas les fueron favorables. Los autores de estas obras literarias las escribieron en inglés y en español. Las ediciones en inglés ayudaron a que el público norteamericano supiera de cómo vive y lucha la comunidad hispana. También contribuyó a que los norteamericanos comprendieran las condiciones en que vivían en sus países de origen los inmigrantes recién llegados, y por qué habían tenido que huir de sus países.

Algunas obras como Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love trascendieron en los medios artísticos y gozaron de gran popularidad en los escenarios, el cine y también en la literatura. Otras obras literarias mostraron a los lectores el lado humano de la inmigración en Nueva York. Estas obras contribuyeron a eliminar los estereotipos y a que el lector tomara conciencia de las luchas a las que se enfrentaban los inmigrantes cuando llegaban a Nueva York.

Hoy en día, la adquisición de obras literarias hispanas está creciendo rápidamente. Los escritores hispanos se están dando cuenta de que el número de lectores ha aumentado entre los hispanos y los otros grupos étnicos, y que también hoy más que nunca, se están publicando más libros en español. El acceso a ideas inspirará a la próxima generación de escritores galardonados.











Hispanic literature in New York began in the mid-19th century when political dissidents began arriving to escape persecution. They often published political tracts and pamphlets aimed at winning the sympathies of Americans and other recent immigrants from Germany and Ireland. Fictional literary works did not begin until the mid- 20th century but when they did, these works proved to be both commercially and critically popular. The authors of these works wrote them in both Spanish and English. The English editions helped many American audiences access the lives and struggles of the Hispanic community. It also helped many Americans understand the conditions many of the recent immigrants faced at home and explain why they had fled.


















Some pieces, like Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love, transcended mediums and became popular on stage and in film as well as in literature. Other literary works provided readers with a human context for the immigrant experience in New York. Those pieces helped dispel stereotypes and made readers aware of the struggles many immigrants faced when they arrived in New York.

Today, Hispanic literary consumption is rapidly growing. Not only are Hispanic writers finding their audiences growing (both Hispanic and non-Hispanic alike) but more books in the United States are being published in Spanish than ever before. This access to material will help inspire the next generation of award-winning writers.

Mambo Kings Plays Songs of Love By Oscar Hijuelos<br>Copy courtesy of the New York State Library
Mambo Kings Plays Songs of Love By Oscar Hijuelos
Copy courtesy of the New York State Library
In the early 20th century, Las Novedades served the interests of a wide range of
Spanish speakers, writing about issues in America and board. Las Novedades, was
one of New York’s earliest Spanish newspapers and ran from 1888 to 1918.<br>
Courtesy of the New York Public Library
Las Novedades (New York)
In the early 20th century, Las Novedades served the interests of a wide range of Spanish speakers, writing about issues in America and board. Las Novedades, was one of New York’s earliest Spanish newspapers and ran from 1888 to 1918.
Courtesy of the New York Public Library
Pueblos Hispanos (New York)<br>
Published by Juan Antonio Corretjer, a Puerto Rican nationalist and an ardent socialist, this significant paper covered
politics and culture in the Soviet Union as well as socialist movements in Latin American countries such as Brazil, Peru and
Ecuador. It was published in New York from 1943 to 1944.<br>
Courtesy of the New York Public Library
Pueblos Hispanos (New York)
Published by Juan Antonio Corretjer, a Puerto Rican nationalist and an ardent socialist, this significant paper covered politics and culture in the Soviet Union as well as socialist movements in Latin American countries such as Brazil, Peru and Ecuador. It was published in New York from 1943 to 1944.
Courtesy of the New York Public Library

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