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Clara Barton

Barton is the founder of the American Red Cross. After attending the Liberal Institute of New York, she opened a school in Bordertown, New Jersey, which grew from six to over six hundred students in just two years. When the Civil War broke out, Barton took up nursing in order to help wounded soldiers. She collected personal goods like shirts, socks and envelopes to distribute to encamped troops. During several major battles, Barton would take her wagon to the frontlines to tend to the wounded of both sides. Her reputation spread in both armies and she was known as “The Angel of the Battlefield.” After the war, Barton traveled to Europe and attended the Geneva Convention. The Convention formed the International Red Cross and Barton took it upon herself to form an American chapter. After founding the American Red Cross, she remained the chapter’s president until her retirement in 1904.

I may sometimes be willing to teach for nothing, but if paid at all, I shall never do a man’s work for less than a man’s pay.
– Clara Barton

Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress

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